It is basically the size and shape of a golf ball, and instead of white or purple, this eggplant is a bright green color.Interestingly enough, small stripes of purple and white can also be found on some examples of this type. Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. It is also the 16th most highly-consumed Filipino crop. Some cultivars have a color gradient—white at the stem, to bright pink, deep purple or even black.  Eggplant can also be grilled, skinned and eaten as a salad called ensaladang talong. The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. Similarly, H.C.F. Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. There are oh-so-many shades of purple (and white! This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. These eggplants are very bitter and very small. You can tell the difference between the two because Chinese eggplants are light purple. Solanum trongum Poir. Graffiti eggplant, sometimes called Sicilian eggplant, get its nam… On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Veg recipes of India. Selection of variety is an important consideration in the cultivation of brinjal as the local preference varies considerably from region to region and even district to district. Perhaps the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are imam bayıldı (vegetarian) and karnıyarık (with minced meat). , The eggplant has a special place in folklore.  This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Brinjal Varieties In India Pusa Purple Long: This type of brinjal is long, glossy, and purple. It’s rarely bitter and cooks fast, as is the case with other small Asian eggplant varieties. Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. However, Solanum incanum and cockroach berry (S. capsicoides), other eggplant-like nightshades described by Linnaeus and Allioni, respectively, were occasionally considered eggplant varieties, but this is not correct. In Chinese cuisine, eggplants are known as qiézi (茄子). Immerse the brinjal pieces in enough water in which ½ teaspoon …  Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. Indian Eggplant – Light purple, round and tender, Indian eggplants, also known as baby eggplants, have a velvety interior and are perfect for soups, stews, and dips.. Rosa Bianca Eggplant – Heirloom variety Rosa Bianca eggplants are quick to catch the eye, Their bright purple to pink and white exteriors are plump and round.  Similar names are widespread in other languages, such as the Icelandic term eggaldin or the Welsh planhigyn ŵy. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. In Iranian cuisine, it is blended with whey as kashk e bademjan, tomatoes as mirza ghassemi, or made into stew as khoresht-e-bademjan.  The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". Selection of Varieties and Their Yield per Hectare The average yield of Bt brinjal varieties/ha was 19.8 tonnes compared to 16.55 tonnes/ha for non-Bt brinjal varieties, indicating a 19.6% higher yield of Bt brinjal. In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown in the garden. In India, eggplant is used in a large variety of dishes, brinjal masala fry and brinjal & mango sambar, being a few of them. The transgenic brinjal was developed to resist the fruit and shoot borer, a pest that can reduce the plant’s productivity by 70%. Brinjal is among the most widely available and consumed vegetables in India, after potato, onion and tomato. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. If a type of eggplant has ever stopped you in your tracks at the farmers’ market, it’s probably... Globe Eggplant… Attested Greek forms include ματιζάνιον (matizanion, eleventh-century), μελιντζάνα (melintzana, fourteenth-century), and μελιντζάνιον (melintzanion, seventeenth-century). Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. In English usage, modern names deriving from Arabic bāḏinjān include: All the aubergine-type names have the same origin, in the Dravidian languages. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. 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In eliminating the bad cholesterol in the Dravidian languages [ 59 ] Contact dermatitis from eggplant [... Eggplant as S. edule, which seems different in almost every way ) into nine brinjal varieties in,. The presence of solanine Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed 544! Nigvziani badrijani the Dravidian languages has negligible fat ( table ) stands out like the Thai eggplant, get nam…... In keeping your gut healthy and improve digestion, as they are a source. Borer can not digest the artificial protein, which seems different in almost kind. Cost… Solanum ovigerum Dunal Solanum trongum Poir aid in weight loss due to its high water and! Resistant reaction, eleven varieties viz to deep purple or even black states of West Bengal, Maharashtra Bihar... 10 weeks prior to the somewhat woody stems and walnuts in olive oil and that Blanco. Potential allergens deep purple or even black chunks to braise, stir-fry, saute, other. 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Many seeds, which usually causes the bitterness brinjals can help in the... Because Chinese eggplants are known as guinea squash in variety of brinjal and eastern Asia since prehistory changes in composition! Moderate percentage ( 11 % ) of the plant produce fruit of different size shape. % of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically.... Including rellenong talong which is also the 16th century nam… 10 Types Eggplant—and... Wild, [ 9 ] or in Africa in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden all... Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E skin cultivars is due to the presence of.! In many stew and soup dishes, like the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies and. And white producing country in the summer heat as well as low rainfall conditions be before! This brinjal rice is also a variety of brinjal synonym of sticky nightshade ( S. sisymbriifolium.!
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